Pronunciation Guide

IPA phoneme inventory for linguists

Roman orthography is based on Gilmore (1898).

Orthography Pronunciation English Example IPA Symbol
hp "p" pit [pʰ]
p "b"

spit

Note, this sound is "softer" than the normal English "p". It is in between a "b" and a "p"

[p]
b "b" bit [ɓ]
ht "t" till [tʰ]
t "d"

still

Note, this sound is "softer" than the normal English "t". It is in between a "t" and a "d"

[t]
d "d" dill [ɗ]
kh "k" kid [kʰ]
k "g" skid [k]
'  

The sound at the beginning and in the middle of 'uh-oh'

 

_uh_oh

[ʔ]
th "th" think [θ]
sh "sh" ship [ʃ]
ch "xh" Bach [x]
h "h" home [h]
s "s" sit [s]
hs "s" This sound is like an "s" followed by a puff of air, like in "miss him" [sʰ]
tsh "ch" change [ʧ]
j "j" joke [ʤ]
m "m" mouse [m]
n "n" no [n]
ny "ny"

millenium

This sound is also found in the borrowed word "el niño"

[ɲ]
ng "nG" sing [ŋ]
w "w" water [w]
l "l" love [l]
gh "gh" This sound is in between a "g" and an "h" [ɣ]
r "r" This is the trilled "r" sound found in Spanish [r]
i "ee" beat [i]
e "e" This sound is in between the "e" in "bet" and the "ai" in "bait" [e]
è "eh" bet [ɛ]
a "a" This sound is in between the "a" in "bat" and the "a" in "father" [a]
"uh" about [ə]
ü "ou" This sound is in between the "oo" in "boot" and the "ee" in "beet" [ɨ]
u "oo" boot [u]
o "o" This sound is in between the "oo" in "boot" and the "oa" in "boat" [o]
aw "aw" or "ow" law [ɔ]